The first cases of human West Nile Virus for 2018 have been reported in Onondaga County.
The two were hospitalized earlier this month and released in stable condition. They are covering at home.
West Nile virus is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito and is considered to be endemic, or widespread, in Central New York.
While most people infected with West Nile virus (WNV) do not develop symptoms, 1 in 5 people who are infected develop a fever with symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea or rash.
Severe illness can strike at any age, however, people over 60 years of age and people with certain medical conditions such as cancer, diabetes, or who have received organ transplants, are at higher risk.
Symptoms of severe illness may include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, muscle weakness, stupor, disorientation, tremors, seizures, paralysis, and coma that could lead to death.
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for WNV infection. Consult with your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms.
It is also important to get rid of mosquito breeding grounds to reduce the number of mosquitoes
around your home:
- Throw away outdoor containers, ceramic pots or containers that hold water
- Remove all tires from your property
- Clean clogged rain gutters and make sure they continue to work properly
- Turn over wheelbarrows and wading pools when not in use
- Change water in bird baths at least every four days
- Clean chlorinated swimming pools, outdoor saunas, and hot tubs
- Use landscaping to eliminate low spots where standing water accumulates